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By Natalie ShermanBBC News

Getty Images Elon Musk holds his hands as if in prayerGetty Images

In 2018, Tesla shareholders approved the biggest pay package in history for Elon Musk. Six years later, will they do it again?

The electric car company will find out this week at its annual meeting, where it is seeking a show of support for the roughly $50bn deal.

The package – worth an estimated 300 times what the top-earning boss in the US made last year – won backing from 73% of shareholders who voted six years ago.

The compensation plan gives Mr Musk rights to roughly 300 million shares – a roughly 10% stake in the firm – as a reward for the firm meeting goals once considered laughable, like becoming a $650bn firm.

But earlier this year, a Delaware judge voided the deal after a small investor sued, ruling that the sum was “unfair” and the process for determining the package, by a board dominated by Mr Musk, was “deeply flawed”.

Instead of backing down, Tesla said it would submit the deal to another vote – and seek to reincorporate the company outside of Delaware – calling the decision “fundamentally unfair, and inconsistent with the will of the stockholders”.

Tesla under pressure

Tesla says the targets were ambitious and the compensation is essential to keep the billionaire engaged.

“We must stand by our deal,” board chair Robyn Denholm wrote to shareholders this month.

Presented to the world six years ago, the pay deal stirred debate, but few doubted Mr Musk’s importance to Tesla’s future.

This time, however, the fight is raising tough questions about his leadership, at a time when Tesla’s shares have dropped sharply from their highs and its commanding lead of the electric car industry is under pressure.

Mr Musk has been faulted for alienating potential buyers with controversial political musings and accused of diverting attention – and resources – to his other companies, including social media site X, formerly Twitter, which he purchased in 2022.

‘I voted no’

Ven Kolli Ven KolliVen Kolli

Ven Kolli wants to send a message to the board

“If this was back in 2018, I would have voted yes, but today, after everything that has happened, I voted no,” says investor Ven Kolli, an IT consultant from Colorado, who owns one of the company’s cars and first purchased Tesla stock nearly a decade ago.

Though the 42-year-old expects the deal to pass, he hopes a tough vote will send a message to Tesla’s board, which for years has faced concerns that it does not exert sufficient oversight of Mr Musk. He is not worried about losing Mr Musk, believing Tesla has gotten to a point where it can succeed without him.

“Since the Twitter acquisition closed, a lot of the decisions made specifically by Elon Musk have been very questionable,” he says.

“Ultimately, while he’s CEO, his responsibility is to Tesla and I think the board has lost sight of that,” he says. “It’s my opportunity to let my voice be heard, as small as it may be.”

Legal experts say it is not clear if the court will accept the re-vote, which is not binding, and allow the company to restore the pay package. At least one shareholder has sued over the company’s move already.

But Tesla appears to be hoping that a resounding victory will help as its legal fight continues, says Ann Lipton, law professor at Tulane University.

“If shareholders overwhelmingly approve the pay package then Musk is hoping, and maybe he’s right, that the court will think twice about overturning it again,” she says.

With the vote nearing, Mr Musk and the company have pressed their case with a barrage of messages and television appearances, even announcing a lottery for shareholders for a Musk-led tour of its Texas factory.

Mr Musk has stoked the drama on social media, celebrating investors who have voted in favour, while reproaching opponents as “oathbreakers”.

The entrepreneur, who already owns about 13% of the firm, has also raised the spectre of leaving Tesla unless he receives a bigger stake.

But keeping Mr Musk may be a less compelling argument than it once was, says Steve Westly, founder of the Westly Group, an early Tesla backer.

“Elon is a unique visionary …but I don’t know if that means he’s essential to be running any or all of those companies today,” says Mr Westly, who no longer owns shares.

“No one stays on top forever, especially when you’re trying to lead seven companies at once.”

‘We believe it should be paid out’

Getty Images Elon Musk in a cowboy hatGetty Images

Tesla is also asking shareholders to approve a plan to reincorporate in Texas, where it has a large factory

Those against the deal include the shareholder advisory companies ISS and Glass-Lewis, as well as several major government-affiliated investors, among them Norges Bank, which manages Norway’s pension fund and is one of the Tesla’s 10 biggest backers.

Prominent Tesla investors such as Ron Baron and Cathie Wood, as well as established firms such as Scottish Mortgage Investment Trust are among those voicing support.

The trust, which owns about 3.1 million shares, says it backed the deal in 2018 because “it introduced extremely stretching targets that would make a huge amount of money for shareholders if they were reached”.

“Having agreed to that, we believe that it should be paid out.”

Executive pay packages at major firms are typically approved with some 90% of the votes.

Though the deal may not meet that threshold, analysts give it a good chance of passing, especially if Mr Musk’s efforts to whip up support among his large public fan base are successful.

‘Making better cars should be the focus’

Getty Images Tesla Model Y vehicles sit on the lot for sale at a Tesla car dealership on May 31, 2023 in Austin, Texas. Getty Images

Tesla’s Model Y is a top selling electric vehicle globally

Retail investors, as opposed to professional firms, own more than 40% of Tesla’s shares, an unusually high figure, reflecting the company’s popular appeal.

Some say their enthusiasm has diminished.

“There’s been a lot of distractions that don’t relate to advancing the brand and making better cars and I feel like that should be the focus,” says Kheirallah Ashkar, a 28-year-old engineer in Washington DC, who first invested in the firm in 2020.

“He’s done a fine job but I don’t think good enough to validate the crazy money they’re asking us to give him.”

But on the eToro share trading platform, where Tesla has long been one of the most popular stocks, 97% of the votes cast have been in favour of the plan.

Almost a third of the roughly 2 million shares held on the platform have voted, an unusually high number.

“We were pleasantly surprised by the size of the participation but I don’t think we were surprised by the direction of the vote,” says eToro chief executive Yoni Assia.

“We have a lot of Tesla fans on eToro and a lot of Elon fans… It will be very interesting to see the results of the vote.”



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